Dementia is a disease marked by a gradual loss of cognitive functioning which can also incorporate losses of motor, emotional, and social functioning as well.. It is a permanent and progressive disease that eventually renders people unable to care for themselves.
Dementia – Incidence
Suspected that as many as 50% of people over the age of 80 develop Alzheimer’s.
5%-8% of all people over 65 have some form of dementia; number doubles every 5 years beyond that age.
Alzheimer’s causes 50%-70% of all dementia.
About 20%-30% of all dementia is believed to be caused by a vascular dysfunction (most common is multi-infarct disease).https://www.alzheimers.org.uk/
Dementia – Causes
50 different causes Neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s (est. 50-70% of people with dementia have Alzheimer’s
Vascular disorders such as multi-infarct disease (multiple strokes) Inherited disorders such as Huntington’s Infections such as HIV.
It becomes very hard to remember what has happened recently It becomes difficult to learn new things Memories from the past can become more ‘real’ Can you think of any examples where a person with dementia has difficulties with memory?
A combination of symptoms
Dementia is more than just difficulties with memory: Cognitive Difficulties: difficulties with thinking Functioning Difficulties: difficulties with doing everyday tasks Communication Difficulties: difficulties with language and comprehension
MYTH: Dementia is when a person just loses their memory– https://www.alzheimers.org.uk/